There are a number of federal statutes of which employers should be aware. Some of the more prominent such statutes include:
Title VII Discrimination
Prohibits employment discrimination based upon race, color, sex, religion, or national origin. Covers all private employers, state and local governments, and education institutions that employ 15 or more individuals.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act (“ADEA”)
Protects individuals who are 40 years of age or older from employment discrimination based on age.
Covers all private employers with 20 or more employees, state and local governments (including
school districts), employment agencies and labor organizations.
Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”)
Prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in all employment practices. Covers all private employers, state and local governments, and education institutions that employ 15 or more individuals.
Family and Medical Leave Act (“FMLA”)
Requires employers to provide employees job-protected and unpaid leave (up to 12 work weeks of unpaid leave during any 12-month period) for qualified medical and family reasons. Qualified medical and family reasons include: personal or family illness, family military leave, pregnancy, adoption, or the foster care placement of a child. Applies to employers with 50 or more employees within a 75 mile radius, employee must have worked at least 1250 hours in the preceding year (can be calendar or rolling).
Wage/Hour Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”)
Imposes minimum wage and time and a half for overtime for “non-exempt” employees. Covers virtually all employers.
Equal Pay Act of 1963 (“EPA”)
Protects men and women who perform substantially equal work in the same establishment from sex based wage discrimination. Covers virtually all employers.
Webb & Webb, P.C.‘s attorneys are here to help you understand and comply with all of your employent law responsibilities. Please contact us today for all of your legal needs.